Common battery categories on the market

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  • Time of issue:2024-04-01
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Common battery categories on the market

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  • Categories:Technical data
  • Author:
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2024-04-01
  • Views:0
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Common battery categories on the market:
1, lead-acid battery (VRLA) :

Definition: A battery whose electrodes are primarily made of lead and its oxides, and whose electrolyte is a sulfuric acid solution. In the discharge state of lead-acid battery, the main component of the positive electrode is lead dioxide, and the main component of the negative electrode is lead. In the charging state, the main components of the positive and negative electrodes are lead sulfate.

Advantages: safe sealing, simple maintenance, stable quality, high reliability, simple production process.

Disadvantages: poor cycle life, low density, long charging time, heavy weight, environmental pollution.

2, nickel chromium battery (Ni-Cd) :

Definition: The first battery type used in mobile phones, Chaoke and other devices, with good high current discharge characteristics, strong resistance to overcharge and discharge, simple maintenance.

Advantages: cheap price, small internal resistance, no leakage, stable quality, high reliability, simple production process.

Disadvantages: short life, small capacity, environmental pollution, memory effect.

3, nickel metal hydride battery (Ni-MH) :

Definition: Synthesized from hydrogen ions and nickel metal.

Advantages: The price is cheap, the power reserve is 30% more than nickel-cadmium battery, lighter than nickel-cadmium battery, long service life, high life, resistance to overcharge and overdischarge, no pollution to the environment, low temperature performance is better than lithium battery, high recycling value.

Disadvantages: expensive price, low energy density, nominal low voltage, large self-discharge, poor high temperature charging performance, poor performance than lithium batteries.

4, Lithium Cell:

Definition: A type of battery consisting of lithium metal or lithium alloy as a negative electrode material and using a non-aqueous electrolyte solution. Generally use manganese dioxide as the positive electrode material, lithium metal or its alloy metal as the negative electrode material, the use of non-aqueous electrolyte solution of the battery.

Advantages: high energy density, long service life, high rated voltage, low self-discharge rate, light weight, high power bearing capacity, high and low temperature adaptability, production basically does not consume water, no pollution to the environment.

Disadvantages: expensive, unstable safety, lithium cobalt acid battery can not be large current discharge.

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